UUttarakhand, formerly Uttaranchal, is a state in the northern part of India. It is also known as the “Land of theGods” Devbhoomi Uttarakhand (Hindi: ???????) because of the many holy Hindu temples and pilgrimage centres found throughout the state. Devbhoomi Uttarakhand is known for its natural splendor of the| Himalayas, the Bhabhar and the Terai. On 9 November 2000, this 27th state of the Republic of India was carved out of the Himalayan and adjoining northwestern districts of Uttar Pradesh. It borders the Tibet Autonomous Region on the north; the Mahakali Zone of the Far-Western Region, Nepal on the east; and also the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh to the south and Himachal Pradesh to the northwest. The state is divided into two divisions, Garhwal and Kumaon, with a total of 13 districts. The provisional capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun, the largest city in the region, which is actually a railhead. The high court of the state is in Nainital.
Archaeological evidence support the existence of humans in the region since prehistoric times. Among the initial major dynasties of Garhwal and Kumaon were the Kunindas inside the 2nd century BCE who practised a young form of Shaivism. Ashokan edicts at Kalsi show the early presence of Buddhism in this region. During the medieval period the location was consolidated beneath the Kumaon and Garhwal kingdom. By 1803 the location fell for the Gurkha Empire of Nepal with the conclusion from the Anglo-Nepalese War in 1816 most of modern Uttarakhand was ceded towards the British included in the Treaty of Sugauli. Even though the erstwhile hill kingdoms of pilgrimage tour were traditional rivals, the proximity of various neighbouring ethnic groups as well as the inseparable and complementary nature with their geography, economy, culture, language, and traditions created strong bonds involving the two regions which further strengthened during the movement for statehood inside the 1990s.
The natives of the state are usually called either Garhwali or Kumaoni depending on their place of origin. In accordance with the 2011 census of India, Uttarakhand has a population of 10,116,752, rendering it the 19th most populous state in India. A sizable area of the population includes Rajputs and Brahmins. Greater than 88% of the population follow Hinduism. Muslims are definitely the largest minority inside the state with Sikhs, Christians, Buddhists, and Jains being another major religions. Garhwali and Kumaoni along with other hilly dialects and sub-dialects are definitely the main regional languages, whereas Hindi is regarded as the widely spoken language. Uttarakhand is the only state in India with Sanskrit among its official languages.
Two of the most important rivers in Hinduism originate in the region, the Ganga at Gangotri and also the Yamuna at Yamunotri. Those two together with Badrinath and Kedarnath make up the Chota Char Dham, a holy pilgrimage for the Hindus. The state hosts the Bengal tiger in Jim Corbett National Park, the oldest national park of the Indian subcontinent. The optskj of Flowers, a Unesco World Heritage Site found in the upper expanses of Bhyundar Ganga near Joshimath in Gharwal region, is known for the variety and rarity of its flowers and plants.
Each district is governed by way of a district commissioner or district magistrate. The districts are further split into sub-divisions, that are governed by sub-divisional magistrates; sub-divisions comprise blocks containing panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. In accordance with the 2011 census, Haridwar, Dehradun, and Udham Singh Nagar would be the most populous districts, each of them possessing a population of more than 1 million.
Devbhimu Uttarakhand has special reason to rejoice and celebrate because this land has, since the past, been the land of Gods and sages. The land in which the excellent arts of life like yoga and meditation emanated from. It really has been home to legendary sages like Ved Vyas and Rabhya Rishi.
This land from the gods has several sites that link it to the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. The fantastic Dronacharya meditated on the banks in the Tonnes river within the Doon valley whilst the tenth Sikh Guru, Gobind Singh, meditated at Hemkund lake which finds mention in “Bachitra Natak”, the autobiography of Guru Gobind Singh. Hemkund is additionally believed to be lokpal, a place existing from the times during the Ramayana. It is stated that lokpal was the place where lakshman sat on meditation. lokpal has been connected with lakshman, to be his favorite place. There are many stories about lakshman and his awesome attachment with this particular place. It is additionally believed that lakshman meditated by this lake and regained health after being wounded by Meghnad, son of Ravana. Including the Ganga, that has been part of our country’s history, religion and culture since times immemorial, reflects a maturity, serenity and calmness as it flows through Rishikesh and Hardwar. The mighty river itself appears to be in deep meditation in these two sacred cities